Rochester Epidemiology Project on Fox9
In a recent article, Jeff Baillion interviewed REP researchers, study participants, and community members about the value of population-based research. Find out more at the video link below!
Source: Fox9 INVESTIGATORS: America’s test tube
Number of Cataract Surgeries on the Rise
Association of Asthma and Immunodeficiency
According to an international team of researchers, having selective IgA deficiency (sigAD) or common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) affects how much antibodies a person’s immune system can produce. Having either condition may result in recurrent infections. Using the Rochester Epidemiology Project’s linkage system, the team found that patients with a history of asthma had an increased chance of also having SigAD or CVID.
Original Study Abstract: Mayo Clinic Proceedings – Asthma and Risk of Selective IgA Deficiency or Common Variable Immunodeficiency: A Population-Based Case-Control Study
Underestimation of liver-related mortality in the United States Asrani SK, Larson JJ. Yawn B, Therneau TM, Kim WR, Gastroenterology 2013 Aug;145(2):375-382.e2. doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2013.04.005. Epub 2013 Apr 9. PMID: 23583430 [PubMed – in process]
A distal forearm fracture in childhood is associated with an increased risk for future fragilty fractures in adult men, but not women. Arnin S, Melton LJ 3rd, Achenbach SJ, Atkinson EJ, Dekutoski MB, Kirmani S, Fischer PR, Khosia S. J Bone Miner Res. 2013 Aug;28(8):1751-9. doi: 10.1002/jbmr.1914.PMID: 23456800 [PubMed – in process]
Incidence of female urethral diverticulum: a population-based analysis and literature review. El-Nashar SA, Bacon MM, Kim-Fine S, Weaver AL, Gebhart JB, Klingele CJ. Int Urogynecol J. 2013 Jul 16. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 23857063 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]
June 21, 2013
Description of Population-based Drug Utilization
Based on the Rochester Epidemiology Project’s linkage system, researchers found that nearly 70% of the Olmsted County population received at least one prescription in 2009. Over one-fifth of the population received prescriptions from 5 or more drug groups. Most commonly prescribed types of medication include antibiotics, anti-depressants, opiod analgesics (pain killers), lipid-lowering drugs, and vaccines. Differences in number and types of prescriptions were found based on sex and age; for example, women and the elderly receive more prescriptions in general.
Additional Coverage: Mayo Clinic Research News; Minnesota Daily; U.S. News & World Report
Original Study Abstract Mayo Clinic Proceedings – Age and Sex Patterns of Drug Prescribing in a Defined American Population
May 31, 2013
Use of Procedure Saves Limbs from Amputation
Peripheral arterial disease – a common circulation condition – sometimes requires amputation of limbs. Surgeons can use other interventions such as stents and balloons. Using the Rochester Epidemiology Project, Dr. Peter Gloviczski and his team found that when these other treatments were used, overall rate of amputation decreased in the population.
More Information: Mayo Clinic News – Procedure saving limbs of more peripheral arterial disease patients
May 13, 2013
Herpes Zoster and Eye Complications
A recent study by Dr. Barbara Yawn (REP community advisory group co-chair) and her colleagues found that patients who were diagnosed with herpes zoster were more likely to have serious or permanent eye complications. Reviewing linked records through the Rochester Epidemiology Project, they were able to find that 2.5% of patients with herpes had eye involvement. Some patients required corneal transplants and long-term treatment. Herpes zoster can be prevented by receiving the zoster vaccine.
More Information: Mayo Clinic Preceedings – Herpes zoster eye complications: Rates and trends
May 3, 2013
No Link between Anesthesia and Dementia in Elderly
Dr. Sprung and his team used the Rochester Epidemiology Project and the Mayo Clinic Alzheimer’s Disease Patient Registry to look at 900, 45+ year-old, Olmsted County residents who had dementia between 1985 and 1994. These researchers note that while other factors may influence the development of dementia, receiving general anesthesia for surgery to not worsen or contribute to the development of dementia in elderly patients.
More Information: Mayo Clinic Preceedings – Anesthesia and incident dementia: A population-based, nested, case-control study
May 1, 2013
Risk of Oophorectomy after Hysterectomy
A recenty study presents findings around the risk of receiving an oophorectomy after undergoing a hysterectomy. The research team found that the incidence of such cases is under 10%, which is about 2% greater than for women who never received a hysterectomy.
More Information: Obstet Gynecol – Risk of oophorectomy after hysterectomy.
Find More Publications
To find more publications of research studies supported by the Rochester Epidemiology Project, visit our Publications Search page. On this page, you can search hundreds of publications supported by the REP and related to almost every disease imaginable.