IN THE NEWS
The Rochester Epidemiology Project has laid the foundation for hundreds of research studies to try and answer questions about health care issues that affect our community. Listed below are some of the news articles discussing the results of recent publications using REP data.
Hospitalization Increases Risk for Acute Gout Flares
The risk for gout flares increases 10-fold during hospitalization and longer hospital stays are linked to in-hospital gout flares, according to a study recently published in The Journal of Rheumatology.
Normal weight with central obesity increases CV risk
Patients who had normal weight and central obesity had an increased CV risk compared with those with normal BMI without central obesity and with those with abnormal BMI without central fat distribution, according to data presented at the American Society for Preventive Cardiology Congress on CVD.
Mayo Clinic study: Anesthesia, surgery linked to decline in memory and thinking
In adults over 70, exposure to general anesthesia and surgery is associated with a subtle decline in memory and thinking skills, according to new Mayo Clinic research.
Pre-eclampsia in pregnancy indicator of hardened arteries in later life
Women who suffer pre-eclampsia when pregnant have a heightened risk of a hardening of the arteries in later life, according to a new study.
Half of patients with posterior shoulder instability were successfully treated nonoperatively at 1 year
Among patients with posterior shoulder instability who had nonoperative management for at least 1 year, 40% of the patients will require surgery within 10 years, according to long-term study results presented here.
Social isolation plus heart failure could increase hospitalizations, deaths
Patients with heart failure who felt socially isolated were much more likely to die or be hospitalized than more socially connected patients, according to new research in Journal of the American Heart Association.
Belly fat: What it really means about your health – even if you’re not overweight
BELLY fat is not just something seen in overweight people – even those who are considered normal weight can be seen with a bit of overhang.
How to prevent opioid addiction before it begins
USC Viterbi School of Engineering researchers are working to combat opioid addiction before it can begin.
Mayo Clinic study finds no evidence that anesthesia in young children lowers intelligence
A Mayo Clinic study finds no evidence that children given anesthesia before their third birthdays have lower IQs than those who did not have it.
Delusions of Creepy Crawlies Plaguing More Than Before?
Delusional infestation — a psychiatric condition formerly known as delusions of parasitosis or Morgellons disease — may be more common than previously thought, a population-based study suggested.
Daytime Drowsiness Could Be Warning Sign Of Alzheimer’s
Excessive sleepiness in the daytime could be an indicator of Alzheimer’s disease, research from the Mayo Clinic indicates.
Minority of inflammatory back pain cases progressed to spondyloarthritis
Patients with new-onset inflammatory back pain have just a 30% chance of developing spondyloarthritis during the next 10 years, and a 43% probability of back pain resolution, according to findings published in Arthritis and Rheumatology.
When the Body Attacks the Brain: Immune System Often to Blame for Encephalitis, Study Finds
Encephalitis caused by the immune system attacking the brain is similar in frequency to encephalitis from infections, Mayo Clinic researchers report in Annals of Neurology.
Obesity increases risk for surgery in patients with ulcerative colitis
Patients with ulcerative colitis who have a higher BMI are at increased risk for bowel resection, according to research presented at the Crohn’s & Colitis Congress.
Improving health globally by studying health locally
Mayo Clinic has been partnering with Olmsted Medical Center and several other regional health care providers for more than 50 years in an initiative called the Rochester Epidemiology Project.
Research finds hysterectomy alone associated with increased long-term health risks
Mayo Clinic researchers show that hysterectomy with ovarian conservation is associated with a significantly increased risk of several cardiovascular diseases and metabolic conditions.
Time Trends in Parkinson Incidence
In recent years, investigators have learned much about the causes of Parkinson disease (PD), and greater efforts have been made to develop medications and treatments to manage PD.
Kidney Stones, Even Asymptomatic, Heighten Renal Risk
Risk for end-stage renal disease and all-cause mortality can be elevated in people who develop certain stones, according to a longitudinal cohort study presented here at Kidney Week 2017.
NAFLD Increases Risk for Cardiovascular Events in Women
Women with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are at equal risk for cardiovascular events as men with fatty liver disease, according to a large population-based study, suggesting NAFLD negates the cardiovascular protective effects of being female.
Teaching an old REP new tricks—Rochester Epidemiology Project partnering with local Public Health
The Rochester Epidemiology Project (REP) has supported over 2,600 peer-reviewed scientific research publications covering a span of more than 50 years. Recent REP additions of the data exploration portal, adding Olmsted County Public Health data, and supporting public health community assessments are laying the foundation for even greater future success.
Pre-amputation mobility increases likelihood of receiving prostheses
Transfemoral amputees who can walk independently prior to amputation are more likely to receive prostheses after amputation, according to data presented at the American Orthotic & Prosthetic Association World Congress.
Mothers with history of pre-eclampsia may encounter cardiovascular challenges later in life
A new study has found that a condition that threatens the lives of some pregnant women and the fetus may continue to put the mother at risk later in life.
No Increase in Stroke with Anti-VEGF Tx for Eye Disorders
Incidence of stroke did not increase among patients receiving anti-VEGF therapy compared with matched controls, researchers reported here.
Venous thromboembolic events persist despite in-hospital prophylaxis
Near-universal in-hospital prophylaxis did not lead to declines in hospital-related venous thromboembolic events, according to a study published in Blood.
Study: Falls can be costly for amputees
The cost of falls for transfemoral amputees can be substantial. According to a Mayo Clinic study published in Prosthetics and Orthotics International, investigators found that in the 6-month period after a fall that resulted in hospitalization, the fall-related expenses for transfemoral amputees were similar to those reported for elderly populations.
High Incidence of Sarcoidosis Found in Ground Zero Firefighters and EMS Workers Post-9/11
A recent epidemiological study showed a high incidence of sarcoidosis among firefighters and emergency medical service (EMS) workers who took part in recovery and rescue efforts following the 9/11 terrorist attack on the World Trade Center (WTC) in New York that claimed the lives of almost 3,000 people.
Is Sjorgen Syndrome a Rare Disease?
According to the Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD) at the National Institutes of Health (NIH), Sjogren’s syndrome is not a rare disease, but based on data presented at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology (EULAR 2017), it can be argued otherwise.
Women with past adverse childhood experiences more likely to have ovaries removed, study shows
Mayo Clinic researchers report that women who suffered adverse childhood experiences or abuse as an adult are 62 percent more likely to have their ovaries removed before age 46. These removals are for reasons other than the presence of ovarian cancer or a high genetic risk of developing cancer, says the new study published today in BMJ Open.
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Rochester Epidemiology Project: Taking a bite out of poor health
“We are very pleased by the interest of dental providers in participating in the Rochester Epidemiology Project,” says Alan Carr, D.M.D., chair of Dental Specialties at Mayo Clinic, and the lead champion for the inclusion of dental records in the Rochester Epidemiology Project.
Long-Term Opioids May Not Help in Polyneuropathy
—Patients had worse functional outcomes than controls; some became dependent
Long-term opioid therapy in patients with polyneuropathy appears to increase the risk of adverse outcomes without benefiting functional status, researchers said.
Dentists in good compliance with American Heart Association guidelines, according to Rochester Epidemiology Project
In the first study examining dental records in the Rochester Epidemiology Project, results show that dentists and oral surgeons are in good compliance with guidelines issued by the American Heart Association (AHA) in 2007, describing prophylactic antibiotic use prior to invasive dental procedures.
A new resource that could change community and public health: Rochester Epidemiology Project’s Data Exploration Portal
After celebrating its 50th anniversary in May 2016, the Rochester Epidemiology Project team is not stopping to rest. Instead, they are marking the beginning of the next 50 years with the launch of a tool that could change community and public health in the region.
Higher incidence of Bell’s palsy attributed to increase in herpes zoster infection
A higher incidence of Bell’s palsy in recent years may be attributed to increasing rates of herpes zoster infection, according to research presented at the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology annual meeting.
Study offers answers on life expectancy for people with Parkinson’s disease, Lewy body dementia
Faced with a serious disease, patients want to know the answer to a difficult question: “How long will I live?” A new Mayo Clinic study in today’s JAMA Neurology has some answers for patients with Parkinson’s disease, Lewy body dementia, multiple system atrophy with parkinsonism and Parkinson’s disease dementia.
SHAC takes aim at troubling Somali health trends
Nasra Giama and Abdirashid Shire created the Somali Health Advisory Council in Rochester about seven years ago. It’s now playing a critical role in the state’s ongoing effort to educate Minnesota-based Somali Americans about the importance of vaccinations.
New Mayo Study: 30% of THA Patients Will Need 2nd THA
“So if I have this hip replaced, what are the chances I will need the other hip done later on?” That is one of the questions that a team of Mayo Clinic researchers wanted to answer.
Treatments other than surgery may influence risk for breast cancer–related lymphedema
Rates of lymphedema in patients with breast cancer were higher among those who received chemotherapy, radiation and axillary dissection, according to study data presented at the American Society of Breast Surgeons Annual Meeting.
Heart failure and skilled nursing facilities: The importance of getting the facts
For many people diagnosed with heart failure—which almost invariably results in a hospital stay—the next stop is a skilled nursing facility.
Ep. 33 #Improving Health Globally By Studying #Health Locally
The Rochester Epidemiology Project (REP) is a collaboration of clinics, hospitals, and other medical facilities in Minnesota and Wisconsin and involves community members who have agreed to share their medical records for research.
Meet the Researcher: “Rochester Epidemiology Project (REP)”
Walter A. Rocca, M.D., professor of epidemiology and neurology, shares how the Rochester Epidemiology Project (REP), through collaboration between health care providers in Minnesota and Wisconsin, allows researchers to study health and illness on people living in this community.
Shedding More Light on Sarcoidosis
Our immune system is designed to repel disease, but occasionally it malfunctions. One potential result of an immune system overreaction is sarcoidosis — the growth of inflammatory cells (granulomas) in different parts of the body.
Choosing Wisely—At odds with Diagnostic Accuracy?
Using data from the Rochester Epidemiology Project, Mayo Clinic researchers performed the first population based study in the United States of primary Sjögren’s syndrome to look at the prevalence of Sjögren’s syndrome in Olmsted County, Minnesota.
Inflammatory bowel disease diagnoses rising
Mayo Clinic researchers report that cases of Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis – the main conditions that comprise inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) – are on the rise.