IN THE NEWS
The Rochester Epidemiology Project has laid the foundation for hundreds of research studies to try and answer questions about health care issues that affect our community. Listed below are some of the news articles discussing the results of publications from 2018 using REP data.
EHR Data Helps Predict Survival for Patients With Circulatory Issue
A group of researchers from Mayo Clinic used EHR-integrated risk calculators to predict survival rates for patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) using EHR data.
Mortality high in squamous cell carcinoma in hidradenitis suppurativa
Incidence of squamous cell carcinoma in hidradenitis suppurativa is very rare, with fewer than 100 cases in published records. However, the mortality rate is very high, so it must be treated aggressively.
Rethinking lethality in youth suicide attempts
First suicide attempts are more lethal than previously realized, reports a study of children and adolescents published in the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (JAACAP).
The rising tide of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
Liver disease? Me? I don’t drink. I don’t smoke. Okay, so I don’t exercise that much, and where did all these candy bar wrappers come from?
Anyway, I thought liver disease was just for alcoholics?
These are question many Americans ask when diagnosed with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. But as its name implies, NAFLD is an umbrella term for a range of liver conditions in people who drink little or no alcohol. In NAFLD, excess fat is stored in the liver, and can lead to inflammation, scarring and potentially liver failure.
Ovary removal may increase risk of chronic kidney disease
Premenopausal women who have their ovaries surgically removed face an increased risk of developing chronic kidney disease, according to a Mayo Clinic study published on Wednesday, Sept. 19, in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.
Probing congenital nasolacrimal obstruction may be OK in 9- to 15-month-olds
The optimal time window to probe the tear duct of a child with congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (CNLDO) may be earlier and narrower than previously thought, researchers suggest.
Shedding Light on the ‘Sunshine Vitamin’
Vitamin D, sometimes referred to as the ‘sunshine vitamin,’ comes up frequently in the clinical setting. Over the last few decades, we have learned that vitamin D may actually have a much broader role in human health than once thought. Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with multiple diseases and death. Read about our latest research.
Hospitalization Increases Risk for Acute Gout Flares
The risk for gout flares increases 10-fold during hospitalization and longer hospital stays are linked to in-hospital gout flares, according to a study recently published in The Journal of Rheumatology.
Normal weight with central obesity increases CV risk
Patients who had normal weight and central obesity had an increased CV risk compared with those with normal BMI without central obesity and with those with abnormal BMI without central fat distribution, according to data presented at the American Society for Preventive Cardiology Congress on CVD.
Mayo Clinic study: Anesthesia, surgery linked to decline in memory and thinking
In adults over 70, exposure to general anesthesia and surgery is associated with a subtle decline in memory and thinking skills, according to new Mayo Clinic research.
Pre-eclampsia in pregnancy indicator of hardened arteries in later life
Women who suffer pre-eclampsia when pregnant have a heightened risk of a hardening of the arteries in later life, according to a new study.
Half of patients with posterior shoulder instability were successfully treated nonoperatively at 1 year
Among patients with posterior shoulder instability who had nonoperative management for at least 1 year, 40% of the patients will require surgery within 10 years, according to long-term study results presented here.
Social isolation plus heart failure could increase hospitalizations, deaths
Patients with heart failure who felt socially isolated were much more likely to die or be hospitalized than more socially connected patients, according to new research in Journal of the American Heart Association.
Belly fat: What it really means about your health – even if you’re not overweight
BELLY fat is not just something seen in overweight people – even those who are considered normal weight can be seen with a bit of overhang.
How to prevent opioid addiction before it begins
USC Viterbi School of Engineering researchers are working to combat opioid addiction before it can begin.
Mayo Clinic study finds no evidence that anesthesia in young children lowers intelligence
A Mayo Clinic study finds no evidence that children given anesthesia before their third birthdays have lower IQs than those who did not have it.
Delusions of Creepy Crawlies Plaguing More Than Before?
Delusional infestation — a psychiatric condition formerly known as delusions of parasitosis or Morgellons disease — may be more common than previously thought, a population-based study suggested.
Daytime Drowsiness Could Be Warning Sign Of Alzheimer’s
Excessive sleepiness in the daytime could be an indicator of Alzheimer’s disease, research from the Mayo Clinic indicates.
Minority of inflammatory back pain cases progressed to spondyloarthritis
Patients with new-onset inflammatory back pain have just a 30% chance of developing spondyloarthritis during the next 10 years, and a 43% probability of back pain resolution, according to findings published in Arthritis and Rheumatology.
When the Body Attacks the Brain: Immune System Often to Blame for Encephalitis, Study Finds
Encephalitis caused by the immune system attacking the brain is similar in frequency to encephalitis from infections, Mayo Clinic researchers report in Annals of Neurology.
Obesity increases risk for surgery in patients with ulcerative colitis
Patients with ulcerative colitis who have a higher BMI are at increased risk for bowel resection, according to research presented at the Crohn’s & Colitis Congress.
Improving health globally by studying health locally
Mayo Clinic has been partnering with Olmsted Medical Center and several other regional health care providers for more than 50 years in an initiative called the Rochester Epidemiology Project.
Research finds hysterectomy alone associated with increased long-term health risks
Mayo Clinic researchers show that hysterectomy with ovarian conservation is associated with a significantly increased risk of several cardiovascular diseases and metabolic conditions.