IN THE NEWS
The Rochester Epidemiology Project has laid the foundation for hundreds of research studies to try and answer questions about health care issues that affect our community. Listed below are some of the news articles discussing the results of publications from 2018 and 2019 using REP data.
Women who have a hysterectomy may be at increased risk for depression and anxiety. Four to 6 percent of women will develop depression or anxiety after hysterectomy, nearly 25% more than in women who have not undergone hysterectomy.
Article: The New York Times
Among adults who developed heart failure, rates of hospitalization for those previously diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) were higher than for patients without RA, a retrospective study found.
Article: MEDPAGE TODAY
Using advanced technology, scientists at Chan Zuckerberg (CZ) Biohub, Mayo Clinic and University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), have discovered an autoimmune disease that appears to affect men with testicular cancer.
The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends lung cancer screening among individuals aged 55–80 years with a 30 pack-year cigarette smoking history and, if they are former smokers, those who quit within the past 15 years.
Article: The Lancet
The type of stroke suffered, whether ischemic or hemorrhagic, in patients with retinal disease was not influenced by anti-VEGF treatment, according to a study. A retrospective consecutive review of patient records in the Rochester Epidemiology Project from Jan. 1, 2004, through Dec. 31, 2013, identified 690 patients (case cohort) as receiving an intravitreal injection for age-related macular degeneration (AMD), diabetic macular edema (DME), proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) or retinal vein occlusion (RVO).
A new population-based study by Mayo Clinic researchers explores how often computed tomography (CT) scans are used in practice, and what that means in terms of total dose of ionizing radiation that people are getting. The new study also describes what clinical indications most commonly led to CT scans, and identifies some interesting disparities. The study available online in Mayo Clinic Proceedings, is based on patient records from the Rochester Epidemiology Project.
Article: Advancing the Science
Functional disabilities start to appear in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) 1 to 2 years before diagnosis, signaling that earlier diagnosis and more aggressive treatment may lessen the burden of disease, according to a study released today.
Article: The Center for Biosimilars
Antiphospholipid syndrome has an estimated prevalence of 50 individuals per 100,000 with an annual incidence rate of 2.1 per 100,000, notably higher among patients older than 55 years, according to data published in Arthritis & Rheumatology.
Article: Healio Rheumatology
Anti-vascular endothelial growth (anti-VEGF) therapy for age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is not linked to the increased risk of stroke, myocardial infarction, or death, according to a new report.
Article: MD Magazine
Potential antidepressant overprescribing appears to be common among elderly patients and involves mostly newer antidepressants used for nonspecific psychiatric symptoms and subthreshold diagnoses, according to a study published online Jan. 23 in Pharmacology Research & Perspectives.
Kidney stones are a common and painful condition, with many sufferers experiencing recurrent episodes. Most people who pass an initial stone want to know their chances of future episodes, but this has not always been easy to predict. Now researchers are tracking the familiar characteristics of kidney stone formers in an online prediction tool that could help sufferers anticipate if they’ll experience future episodes.
In a new study published in Mayo Clinic Proceedings, Mayo Clinic researchers present the first population-based evidence showing how often food allergies are diagnosed in people. The study also determined which foods are most likely to cause allergic reactions in different age groups.
Article: Advancing the Science
The percentage of women who are screened for cervical cancer may be far lower than national data suggests, according to a Mayo Clinic study recently published in the Journal of Women’s Health. Less than two-thirds of women ages 30 to 65 were up-to-date with cervical cancer screenings in 2016. The percentage is even lower for women ages 21 to 29, with just over half current on screenings. Those figures are well below the 81 percent screening compliance rate self-reported in the 2015 National Health Interview Survey.
A group of researchers from Mayo Clinic used EHR-integrated risk calculators to predict survival rates for patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) using EHR data.
Incidence of squamous cell carcinoma in hidradenitis suppurativa is very rare, with fewer than 100 cases in published records. However, the mortality rate is very high, so it must be treated aggressively.
First suicide attempts are more lethal than previously realized, reports a study of children and adolescents published in the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (JAACAP).
Liver disease? Me? I don’t drink. I don’t smoke. Okay, so I don’t exercise that much, and where did all these candy bar wrappers come from?
Anyway, I thought liver disease was just for alcoholics?
These are question many Americans ask when diagnosed with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. But as its name implies, NAFLD is an umbrella term for a range of liver conditions in people who drink little or no alcohol. In NAFLD, excess fat is stored in the liver, and can lead to inflammation, scarring and potentially liver failure.
Premenopausal women who have their ovaries surgically removed face an increased risk of developing chronic kidney disease, according to a Mayo Clinic study published on Wednesday, Sept. 19, in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.
The optimal time window to probe the tear duct of a child with congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (CNLDO) may be earlier and narrower than previously thought, researchers suggest.
Vitamin D, sometimes referred to as the ‘sunshine vitamin,’ comes up frequently in the clinical setting. Over the last few decades, we have learned that vitamin D may actually have a much broader role in human health than once thought. Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with multiple diseases and death. Read about our latest research.
The risk for gout flares increases 10-fold during hospitalization and longer hospital stays are linked to in-hospital gout flares, according to a study recently published in The Journal of Rheumatology.
Patients who had normal weight and central obesity had an increased CV risk compared with those with normal BMI without central obesity and with those with abnormal BMI without central fat distribution, according to data presented at the American Society for Preventive Cardiology Congress on CVD.
In adults over 70, exposure to general anesthesia and surgery is associated with a subtle decline in memory and thinking skills, according to new Mayo Clinic research.
Women who suffer pre-eclampsia when pregnant have a heightened risk of a hardening of the arteries in later life, according to a new study.
Among patients with posterior shoulder instability who had nonoperative management for at least 1 year, 40% of the patients will require surgery within 10 years, according to long-term study results presented here.
Patients with heart failure who felt socially isolated were much more likely to die or be hospitalized than more socially connected patients, according to new research in Journal of the American Heart Association.
BELLY fat is not just something seen in overweight people – even those who are considered normal weight can be seen with a bit of overhang.
USC Viterbi School of Engineering researchers are working to combat opioid addiction before it can begin.
A Mayo Clinic study finds no evidence that children given anesthesia before their third birthdays have lower IQs than those who did not have it.
Delusional infestation — a psychiatric condition formerly known as delusions of parasitosis or Morgellons disease — may be more common than previously thought, a population-based study suggested.
Excessive sleepiness in the daytime could be an indicator of Alzheimer’s disease, research from the Mayo Clinic indicates.
Patients with new-onset inflammatory back pain have just a 30% chance of developing spondyloarthritis during the next 10 years, and a 43% probability of back pain resolution, according to findings published in Arthritis and Rheumatology.
Patients who were treated for breast cancer or lymphoma are more than three times at risk for developing congestive heart failure, compared with patients who did not have cancer.
Encephalitis caused by the immune system attacking the brain is similar in frequency to encephalitis from infections, Mayo Clinic researchers report in Annals of Neurology.
Kidney stones are a painful health condition, often requiring multiple procedures at great discomfort to the patient. Growing evidence suggests that the incidence of kidney stones is increasing steadily, especially in women.
Patients with ulcerative colitis who have a higher BMI are at increased risk for bowel resection, according to research presented at the Crohn’s & Colitis Congress.
Mayo Clinic has been partnering with Olmsted Medical Center and several other regional health care providers for more than 50 years in an initiative called the Rochester Epidemiology Project.
Mayo Clinic researchers show that hysterectomy with ovarian conservation is associated with a significantly increased risk of several cardiovascular diseases and metabolic conditions.
Find More Publications
To find more publications of research studies supported by the Rochester Epidemiology Project, visit our Publications Search page. On this page, you can search hundreds of publications supported by the REP and related to almost every disease imaginable.